The wax used in these candles is: 100% vegetable, made with Pure Soybean oil. All NATURAL and biodegradable. Manufactured meeting FDA standards. Kosher Certified. NOT tested on animals. Considered GRAS under the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. They contain NO animal products. NO palm wax. NO petroleum, paraffin or beeswax products. NO pesticides and NO herbicides. NO toxic materials. NO Genetically Modified Material.